Addressing the Democratic Deficit and the media in Wales

Welsh face

In October 2012 I gave a speech to the Royal Television Society’s annual lecture at the Pierhead.  In that speech, I first used the phrase “Democratic Deficit” to describe the gap in coverage that Welsh people face in the newspapers they read and the news programmes they watch.

I believe it is one of the most profound problems facing the devolution process in Wales.

By “Democratic Deficit” I mean who is relaying, or perhaps more importantly, who will be relaying the work of the National Assembly to the people of Wales in the future, and, of course, performing that crucial role of holding the decision-makers here in Cardiff Bay to account?


We have a UK Media, both broadcasters and print, which fails to report the huge differences in approach to public policy in devolved fields such as health and education.  It means their substantial Welsh audiences often get information that doesn’t apply to them.

Research by Professor Anthony King and Cardiff University’s School of Journalism highlighted the fact that some of our leading UK broadcasters often default to an Anglo-centric position.

A position which promotes policy issues affecting only England as though they apply to the whole of the UK.

Professor King’s original report was published in 2008, and at the RTS annual lecture in 2012 he noted that despite efforts by some broadcasters, the problem persists.


One recent example that highlights the point I am making is the Question Time edition which was filmed in Newport in February.  On that programme:

  • there was only one panellist from Wales;
  • neither the Welsh Government or the National Assembly were represented;
  • there was only one issue discussed that was primarily Welsh; and
  • there appeared to be widespread confusion among the panellists about the difference between the Assembly and the Welsh Government.

Would this have happened in Northern Ireland or Scotland?  Or even a region of England for that matter?

The Welsh viewer pays the licence fee, the same as everyone else in the UK, but there’s a perception we are often short-changed.

BBC Wales and ITV Wales do a great job in covering Welsh public life, but the fact remains that many people in Wales prefer to listen to, or view, network news platforms and programmes which ignore any Welsh perspective.

Perhaps part of the problem is that Wales doesn’t have a strong enough voice on the institution that governs the BBC – the BBC Trust.

That, I believe, should be addressed through the establishment of a devolved governance body within the UK Trust framework, as recently proposed by the Silk Commission.  A body that could provide independent oversight and scrutiny of BBC outputs in Wales.

But in fairness to the BBC they are the least worst offender, particularly when you look at the record of the commercial broadcasters in terms of coverage of Wales and Welsh issues.

And it’s not just the broadcasters who are at fault!

Depending on which source you believe, between 600,000 and one million people in Wales read a UK newspaper every day, and that’s not to mention the numbers who access UK media websites and mobile apps.  Again these organisations fail to portray the different policy approaches taking place in Wales.


The problem is further compounded by the financial pressures on our indigenous Welsh national and regional press, which leaves many unable to resource comprehensive coverage of Assembly news.

Last year, I committed to holding a series of sessions in the Pierhead in an attempt to start a discussion about the issue and to possibly find solutions.

In May, we had a fascinating discussion with a panel of leading UK Journalists including Kevin Maguire, Peter Riddell and Peter Knowles - which was chaired by former head of global news at the BBC, Richard Sambrook.

I don’t accept the headline assertion of the UK media that all our debates here are ‘boring’.  Any more than I’d say all those in Westminster are interesting.  Our debate on organ donation was as wise, profound and important as anything you’ll hear in any parliament, and will have a major impact on people’s lives in Wales and across the UK.

The Assembly will of course continue to challenge UK media outlets to properly report the work we do at the Senedd to their Welsh audiences – and those beyond Wales.  But it was the other sessions we held with Wales’s local regional press and digital media platforms that perhaps offered more hope and scope for action.


As a result much of the Assembly’s focus is on what support can be provided to the emerging digital platforms in covering the work of the Assembly.

We are:

  • working with digital and hyperlocal media, and partner organisations, to create a journalism hub in the Senedd that could provide content to these new digital channels;
  • making it easier to report by providing better communications facilities on the Senedd estate;
  • working with hyperlocal and community journalists to make the Assembly’s data more open and accessible;
  • ensuring that Assembly Members are fully informed about how best to use the communication tools now available in this digital age;
  • aiming to work more closely with media organisations to take the Assembly out to the communities they represent with a series of regional press days; and
  • aiming to work with those organisations to provide induction sessions for trainee journalists to ensure a better understanding of the work of the institution.

The National Assembly must, and will, play its part in addressing this issue and I look forward to working closely with all those interested in ensuring plurality of media coverage and scrutiny of the National Assembly for Wales.

Dame Rosemary Butler AM is the Presiding Officer of the National Assembly for Wales